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Over 300 people had to leave their homes because of the January storm in 2005

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Evacuation means movement or relocation of people from a dangerous place to a safer place for the protection of their life and health.

  • In case of evacuation, you do not have sufficient time to pack everything you need for your stay away from home. Think through what you and your family members need the most to cope away from home.
  • Prepare a memo, on the basis of which you can quickly pack necessary items. Essentials must be thought through and supplied in advance. See Chapter “My memo for evacuation”.
  • Buy things that are still missing from your home supply.
  • Think through together with your relatives or acquaintances how you can offer shelter to each other in case of a long-lasting crisis. Make preparations for it together.
  • Always keep your car tank at least half-full. Have a road map in your car.

How to act in case of evacuation

  • Follow the instructions of authorities conducting the evacuation for leaving a dangerous place and getting to the evacuation sites. Their instructions are based on the assessment of actual danger.
  • Take along the necessary items:
    • previously packed evacuation supplies (see information box “Recommended items for evacuation”);
    • ID-card, bankcard, cash, mobile phone and charger;
    • documents of your children, food, toilet preparations, clothes and favourite toys;
    • in case of a long-term evacuation, i.e. lasting more than 12 hours, bedding, extra clothes and food for up to 3 days.
  • Dress according to weather conditions.
  • When leaving your home:
    • turn off the power;
    • close the windows and lock the doors;
    • check whether the neighbours are aware of the evacuation, offer them help;
    • guarantee safety and wellness of pets while you are away.
  • In case of independent evacuation, use the roads that the police have authorised for use according to media.
  • If you need assistance with evacuation, let the people conducting the evacuation know. Transport and temporary accommodation shall be arranged for people staying in a dangerous area and requiring further assistance. The people conducting the evacuation will try to find everyone who needs help.
  • Do not return home unless you have official confirmation that it is safe.

Worth knowing

  • The fastest way to organise an evacuation and guarantee the wellbeing of people is for the people to find a temporary accommodation with relatives and move there by themselves. Then the authorities can pay more attention to people who need more outside assistance.
  • If you have a pet at home, think through the possibilities for independent evacuation and accommodation – it is not allowed to take pets to official evacuation sites, since there are no suitable conditions for them.

What to do in a crisis

Every state does whatever it can to prevent or respond to crisis situations. Still, help will not always reach all people quickly enough because some crises can affect a large part of the population and last for days or even weeks.

Until help arrives and services are resumed, your welfare and that of your loved ones will largely depend on your own preparedness.

The web page “” contains tips on how to get prepared for various types of crisis situations and what to do if there actually is one.

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