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Extreme weather conditions

Hundreds of people trapped on the road in a snowstorm

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Warning signs

  • You hear or see warning signs of extraordinary climatic phenomena.
  • You see the damages caused by climatic phenomena.

How to prepare for extreme weather conditions

  • Read about the criteria for warnings that are issued and the meaning of danger levels on the website of Estonian Weather Service at
  • Assess the resistance of your home to extreme weather conditions and determine possible risks:
    • risk of pipes freezing;
    • risk of trees falling on the building;
    • loose garden furniture and easily airborne items;
    • resistance of roofs to storm and snow load;
    • risk of water making its way indoors in the event of flooding;
    • missing lightning protection system;
    • risk of overloading the power system.
  • Be prepared for the disruption of vital services (electricity, communications, central heating, water supply, permeability of roads, getting help, etc.) and for their time-consuming recovery. Be prepared to cope independently for one week. (See Chapter “Independent coping upon disruption of vital services”).

What to do in a crisis

Every state does whatever it can to prevent or respond to crisis situations. Still, help will not always reach all people quickly enough because some crises can affect a large part of the population and last for days or even weeks.

Until help arrives and services are resumed, your welfare and that of your loved ones will largely depend on your own preparedness.

The web page “” contains tips on how to get prepared for various types of crisis situations and what to do if there actually is one.

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